Cichlids, sometimes known as corys or discords are freshwater aquarium fish often found in the saltwater aquarium trade. They are typically red in color and are known to have a sweet taste when fresh. Most live in tropical areas, but there are some cichlid species found in fresh water too, such as the silver cichlid. Cichlids like this fish are called cichlid molds, which is confusing as cichlid fish do not usually grow molds.
Cichlid fish are not the only cichlid species that can be found around the saltwater aquarium hobby. There are other common species that are commonly sold in hobby shops. The common cichlid “dwarf mouth” found in most freshwater hobby stores is actually a native of South America. A similar looking cichlid fish called the cichlid discus also came from South America, the exact reason for this is unknown.
Discus such as the cichlid fish discus come in many different colors, but their most common color is a dull white with gray spots on them. Other common discus that are found in the hobby trade are the Zebra tail discus, the black-banded discus, and the red-banded discus. All of these different types of discus are equally beautiful to look at, and they all generally swim in similar patterns. The main characteristic that makes them different from one another is disc size, color, and pattern on their body.
The color of your aquarium will be heavily influenced by the color of your tank-mates, this includes both the cichlid species you plan on keeping as well as several other species. Most people keep cichlid by breeding them with several other species, and then trying to keep the captive populations separate. By doing this, there is a reduced risk of having some fish that will out mate the others, leading to an unnatural surplus of females in your aquarium. This surplus is usually solved by introducing an additional male into the female’s tank to “acquire” children of the cichlid you have in your tank.
Cichlids do not have any “real” offspring, only eggs, so they are nothing like real insects. In the wild, cichlid will nest together, laying one or two eggs at a time on a burrow-like depression in the sand. As the eggs hatch, the young cichlid will take over the burrow and start building the bulk of its new life. There are several different methods for accomplishing this task. Often this method is called “nesting”, since it is the eggs the cichlid eats that help build its body and shape.
Female cichlid will generally nest in large areas of sand where they can lay numerous eggs, and once their eggs hatch, their life cycle will continue until either the eggs hatch and the young cichlid is free-riding again or it dies. Cichlids that spawn and hatch in the same area tend to have less reproductive behavior (the females) than other species that spawn elsewhere. Cichlid fish that tend to spawn near other fish will often fight among themselves for mating rights. Female cichlid will sometimes attack male cichlid if they are close enough. This behavior can be eliminated by taking the female out of the situation where she is spawning and removing her from any sexual competition.